Gynecomastia, defined as abnormal breast enlargement in men, affects an estimated 40 to 60 percent of men. It may affect only one breast or both. Though certain drugs and medical problems have been linked with male breast overdevelopment, there is no known cause in the vast majority of cases. A number of factors can cause male breast enlargement, including obesity, liver disease, hormonal metabolism imbalance and other medical issues. If breast enlargement does not reduce through diet and exercise, you may be a good candidate for male breast reduction surgery. The procedure removes fat and or glandular tissue from the breasts, and in extreme cases removes excess skin, resulting in a chest that is flatter, firmer, and better contoured.
Depending on what has caused the gynecomastia, the way to fix the problem varies. If the abnormal breast enlargement occurred due to excess fatty tissue, at Plastic Surgery Orange County, liposuction is the surgical procedure used to correct the issue. Liposuction is performed to get rid of the localized fat cells in the body. During a male breast reduction, an instrument, called a cannula, which is a small, straw-like tool, is inserted into the skin. With the vacuum attached to the cannula, excess fat is sucked out from the surgical area. The breasts are then re-sculpted to appear more natural for a masculine look.
If the abnormal breast enlargement occurred due to a glandular disorder, traditional male breast reduction surgery is performed to correct the problem. Liposuction may be used in conjunction with regular surgery for optimal results. The incision is made around the edge of the areola, or the darkened skin around the nipple, or under the arm. The doctor then cuts away excess fat, skin and glandular tissue from the breast area. Larger incisions may be needed if a significant amount of tissue needs to be removed for the breast reduction. For extreme cases of gynecomastia, substantial amounts of glandular tissue or fat may have to be removed, along with the excess skin.
Recovery from male breast reduction surgery takes approximately a couple of weeks. Surgical dressings are worn for the first few days, and then a compression garment is worn for the next two weeks. Most men can return to work after one week following male breast reduction. Swelling, bruising and tenderness should be expected but pain medication and antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor as needed.